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Late Miocene-Pliocene Asian Monsoon Intensification Linked to Antarctic Ice-sheet Growth
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release time:2016-07-11 source: browse:

Title

Late Miocene-Pliocene Asian monsoon intensification linked to Antarctic ice-sheet growth

Authors

Ao, H; Roberts, AP; Dekkers, MJ; Liu, XD; Rohling, EJ; Shi, ZG; An, ZS; Zhao, X

Abstract

Environmental conditions in one of Earth's most densely populated regions, East Asia, are dominated by the monsoon. While Quaternary monsoon variability is reasonably well understood, pre-Quaternary monsoon variability and dynamics remain enigmatic. In particular, little is known about potential relationships between northern hemispheric monsoon response and major Cenozoic changes in Antarctic ice cover. Here we document long-term East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) intensification through the Late Miocene-Pliocene (similar to 8.2 to 2.6 Ma), and attribute this to progressive Antarctic glaciation. Our new high-resolution magnetic records of long-term EASM intensification come from the Late Miocene-Pliocene Red Clay sequence on the Chinese Loess Plateau; we identify underlying mechanisms using a numerical climate-model simulation of EASM response to an idealized stepwise increase in Antarctic ice volume. We infer that progressive Antarctic glaciation caused intensification of the cross-equatorial pressure gradient between an atmospheric high-pressure cell over Australia and a low-pressure cell over mid-latitude East Asia, as well as intensification of the cross-equatorial sea-surface temperature (SST) gradient. These combined atmospheric and oceanic adjustments led to EASM intensification. Our findings offer a new and more global perspective on the controls behind long-term Asian monsoon evolution.

Corresponding author

Ao Hong

Volume

444

Issue

 

Page

75-87

Pub year

June, 2016

Publication name

Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Details

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X16301157  

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