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A 12-kyr Record of Microbial Branched and Isoprenoid Tetraether Index in Lake Qinghai, Northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: Implications for Paleoclimate Reconstruction
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Title

A 12-kyr record of microbial branched and isoprenoid tetraether index in Lake Qinghai, northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: Implications for paleoclimate reconstruction

Authors

Wang, HY; Dong, HL; Zhang, CL; Jiang, HC; Liu, WG

Abstract

Branched and Isoprenoid Tetraether (BIT) index was considered as a proxy for terrestrial organic matter input in lake sediments, based on the assumption that branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (bGDGTs) are mainly derived from terrestrial soils. However, mounting evidences have showed that the in situ production of bGDGTs is widespread in lakes, challenging BIT as a reliable terrestrial input proxy. Recently, BIT has been proven to be a reliable proxy for paleohydrology in a small crater lake (Lake Challa) in accordance with a different mechanism. However, the response of BIT to paleohydrology variation may differ for different lakes. In this study, we investigate the variations in the BIT index and the concentrations of its related GDGTs in a 12-ka sediment core from Lake Qinghai, in combination with our previous results for surface sediments. We find that variations in BIT strongly depend on the concentration of crenarchaeol in both surface and ancient sediments of this lake, whereas bGDGT concentration varies much less remarkably. Considering that crenarchaeol production is positively correlated with water depth in Lake Qinghai, water depth may exert negative control on the BIT index in this lake. This case is inconsistent with the positive relationship between BIT and lake levels or rainfall intensity reported for Lake Challa, suggesting that the response of BIT to local paleohydrology is site specific in lacustrine systems. Hence, the application of sedimentary BIT as a paleohydrological proxy in a specific lake requires caution before confirming the environmental controls on BIT in that lake.

Corresponding author

Sun Youbin

Volume

59

Issue

5

Page

951-960

Pub year

May, 2016

Publication name

Science China-Earth Sciences

Details

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11430-015-5213-4

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