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Atmospheric Fossil Fuel CO2 Traced by Δ14C in Beijing and Xiamen, China: Temporal Variations, Inland/Coastal Differences and Influencing Factors
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Title

Atmospheric Fossil Fuel CO2 Traced by Δ14C in Beijing and Xiamen, China: Temporal Variations, Inland/Coastal Differences and Influencing Factors

Authors

Niu, ZC; Zhou, WJ; Wu, SG; Cheng, P; Lu, XF; Xiong, XH; Du, H; Fu, YC; Wang, GH

Abstract

One year of atmospheric Δ14CO2 were observed in 2014 in the inland city of Beijing and coastal city of Xiamen, China, to trace temporal CO2ff variations and to determine the factors influencing them. The average CO2ff concentrations at the sampling sites in Beijing and Xiamen were 39.7 +/- 36.1 ppm and 13.6 +/- 12.3 ppm, respectively. These contributed 75.2 +/- 14.6% and 59.1 +/- 26.8% to their respective annual ΔCO2 offsets over background CO2 concentrations. Significantly (p < 0.05) high CO2ff values were observed in winter in Beijing. We did not find any significant differences in CO2ff values between weekdays and weekends. Diurnal CO2ff variations were plainly evident, with high values between midnight and 4:00, and during morning and afternoon rush hours. The sampling site in the inland city of Beijing displayed much higher CO2ff inputs and overall temporal variations than the site in the coastal city of Xiamen. The variations of CO2ff at both sites were controlled by a combination of emission sources, topography, and atmospheric dispersion. In particular, diurnal observations at the urban site in Beijing showed that CO2ff was easily accumulated under the southeast wind conditions.

Corresponding author

Zhou Weijian

Volume

50

Issue

11

Page

5474-5480

Pub year

June, 2016

Publication name

Environmental Science & Technology

Details

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.5b02591

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