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Effect of Heavy Haze and Aerosol Pollution on Rice and Wheat Productions in China
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Title

Effect of heavy haze and aerosol pollution on rice and wheat productions in China

Authors

Tie, XX; Huang, RJ; Dai, WT; Cao, JJ; Long, X; Su, XL; Zhao, SY; Wang, QY; Li, GH

Abstract

In China, regional haze pollution is a serious environmental problem. The impact on ecosystem, however, is not clearly understood. This study investigates the effect of regional haze pollution on the yields of rice and wheat in China. The spatial and temporal distributions of aerosol optical depth (AOD) show high particulate pollution in the North China Plain region, Yangtze River Delta region, the central eastern China, and the Si Chuan Basin, coexisted largely with crop growth in time and space. The solar irradiance reaching these regions is estimated to reduce by up to 28-49%, calculated using the AOD distributions and tropospheric ultraviolet-visible (TUV) model. Reduction of solar irradiance in these regions can depress optimal yields of about 45% of rice and 75% of wheat growth in China, leading to 2% reduction in total rice production and 8% reduction in total wheat production in China. However, there are large uncertainties of the estimate related to the diffuse solar radiation. For high diffuse radiation case, the estimate reductions of rice and wheat decrease to 1% and 4.5%, respectively. A further detailed study is needed to clearly understand this effect to meet the growing food demand in the nation in the coming decades.

Corresponding author

Huang Rujin, Dai Wenting, Cao Junji

Volume

6

Issue

 

Page

29612

Pub year

July, 2016

Publication name

Scientific Reports

Details

http://www.nature.com/articles/srep29612

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