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Effect of hydrolysis of N2O5 on nitrate and ammonium formation in Beijing China: WRF-Chem model simulation
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release time:2017-03-27 source: browse:

Title

Effect of hydrolysis of N2O5 on nitrate and ammonium formation in Beijing China: WRF-Chem model simulation

Authors

Su, X ; Tie, XX; Li, GH; Cao, JJ ; Huang, RJ; Feng, T; Long, X ; Xu, RG

Abstract

Beijing, the capital of China, is a mega city with a population of >20 million. In recent years, the city has experienced heavy air pollution, with particulate matter (PM) being one of its top pollutants. In the last decade, extensive efforts have been made to characterize the sources, properties, and processes of PM in Beijing. Despite progress made by previous studies, there are still some important questions to be answered and addressed. The focus of this research is to study the impact of the heterogeneous hydrolysis of N2O5 on the formation of nitrate (NO3) and ammonium (NH4+) in Beijing. The results show that during heavy pollution days (e.g., during 14-17 September 2015, with PM2.5 concentration over 100 mu g/m3), the concentrations of NO2 and 03 were high, with maxima of 90 and 240 mu g/m3, respectively, providing high precursors for the formation of N2O5. In addition, the aerosol and sulfate concentrations were also high, with maxima of 201 mu g/m3 and 23 mu g/m3 respectively, providing reacting surface for the heterogeneous reaction. As a result, the hydrolysis of N2O5 led to 21.0% enhancement of nitrate (NO3-) and 7.5% enhancement of ammonium (NH4+). It is worth to note that this important effect only occurred in high pollution days (PM2.5-concentration over 100 mu g/m3). During low-pollution periods (PM2.5 concentration <100 mu g/m3), the effect of hydrolysis of N2O5 on the formation of nitrate and ammonium was insignificant (variation rate <5%). This study suggests that during heavy pollution periods, the hydrolysis of N2O5 enhances the level of aerosol pollution in Beijing, and needs to be further studied in order to perform-efficient air pollution control-and mitigation strategies.

Corresponding author

Tie Xuexi

Volume

579

Issue

 

Page

221-229

Pub year

2017

Publication name

SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT

Details

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969716325797

 

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