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Anthropogenic 129I in The Sediment Cores in The East China Sea: Sources and Transport Pathways
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release time:2019-02-25 source: browse:

Title

Anthropogenic 129I in The Sediment Cores in The East China Sea: Sources and Transport Pathways

Authors

ZHAO Xue, HOU Xiaolin, DU Jinzhou, FAN Yukun

Abstract

With the increased numbers of nuclear power plants constructed along the east coast of China, it is important to know radioactive sources and transport pathways between land and sea, in order to better understand the impact of these nuclear facilities to the marine environment. Two sediment cores collected from the East China Sea dated to 1959–2010 were analyzed for long-lived radioactive 129I and stable 127I. It was observed that 129I levels (129I/127I ratio of (15.0–75.0)?×?10?12) were significantly increased compared to the pre-nuclear value (129I/127I?=?1.5?×?10?12). Some 129I peaks were observed in layers of 1959, 1966, 1971 and 1976 (1977), corresponding to the atmospheric nuclear weapon tests at Pacific Proving Grounds and Lop Nor. The high values of 129I after the late 1970s are attributed to the releases from the European reprocessing plants. In addition to ocean current transport, the atmospheric dispersion through the interaction of the Westerlies with East Asia monsoon is the important pathway of large-scale transport of pollutants from high latitude West Europe to middle latitude East Asia. Riverine input is the main transport pathway of radioactive pollutants released from Lop Nor to the East China Sea through the atmospheric dispersion, deposition and runoff processes.

Corresponding author

HOU Xiaolin

Volume

443-452

Issue

 

Page

443-452

Pub year

2019

Publication name

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

Details

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749118338983?dgcid=rss_sd_all

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