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Stable carbon isotopes in aerosols from Chinese cities: Influence of fossil fuels
author: source: Time:2011-03-15 font< big medium small >

Stable carbon isotopes (13C and 12C) have proven to be useful geochemical markers, and these isotopes were also applied for the studies of source apportionment and atmospheric chemical transformation. Prof. Cao Junji from the institute of earth environment, CAS, firstly determined stable carbon isotope ratios for the OC and EC fractions of PM2.5 collected from 14 Chinese cities. The paper have been published in Atmospheric Environment recently.

The results showed that the averaged isotope values (δ13C) varied from -26.90‰ to -23.08‰ for OC and -26.63‰ to -23.27‰ for EC. A strong correlation (R2 =0.70, p < 0.0001) between δ13COC and δ13CEC was found in winter but not summer. Winter vs. summer differences for δ13COC and δ13CEC were greater for the seven northern cities than the seven southern cities. Comparisons with isotopic signatures of putative sources suggest that the carbonaceous PM2.5 was mainly from fossil fuels, especially coal combustion and motor vehicle emissions; the northern cities in particular were strongly impacted by coal combustion during winter. Studies of stable carbon isotopes in OC and EC are potentially useful for identifying sources for carbonaceous PM2.5, and this approach may be a useful new tool for the study of air pollution.

 

Jun-ji Cao,et al., Stable carbon isotopes in aerosols from Chinese cities: Influence of fossil fuels, Atmospheric Environment 45 (2011) 1359-1363

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