此页面上的内容需要较新版本的 Adobe Flash Player。

获取 Adobe Flash Player

Home    |    Contact   |    Chinese   |    CAS
Upcoming Events : Announcement for "the Belt and Road" International Workshop on Sustainable De...
Location :Home > Research > Research Progress
Characteristics and sources of carbonaceous aerosols from Shanghai, China
author: source: Time:2013-10-29 font< big medium small >

An intensive investigation of carbonaceous PM2.5 and TSP (total suspended particles) from Pudong (China) was conducted as part of the MIRAGE-Shanghai (Megacities Impact on Regional and Global Environment) experiment in 2009. Data for organic and elemental carbon (OC and EC), organic species, including C17 to C40 n-alkanes and 17 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and stable carbon isotopes OC (delta C-13(OC)) and EC (delta C-13(EC)) were used to evaluate the aerosols' temporal variations and identify presumptive sources. High OC/EC ratios indicated a large fraction of secondary organic aerosol (SOA); high char/soot ratios indicated stronger contributions to EC from motor vehicles and coal combustion than biomass burning. Diagnostic ratios of PAHs indicated that much of the SOA was produced via coal combustion. Isotope abundances (delta C-13(OC) = -24.5 +/- 0.8 parts per thousand and delta C-13(EC) = -25.1 +/- 0.6 parts per thousand) indicated that fossil fuels were the most important source for carbonaceous PM2.5 (particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter), with lesser impacts from biomass burning and natural sources. An EC tracer system and isotope mass balance calculations showed that the relative contributions to total carbon from coal combustion, motor vehicle exhaust, and SOA were 41%, 21%, and 31%; other primary sources such as marine, soil and biogenic emissions contributed 7%. Combined analyses of OC and EC, n-alkanes and PAHs, and stable carbon isotopes provide a new way to apportion the sources of carbonaceous particles.

 

Cao, JJ; Zhu, CS; Tie, XX; Geng, FH; Xu, HM; Ho, SSH; Wang, GH; Han, YM; Ho, KF. Characteristics and sources of carbonaceous aerosols from Shanghai, China. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS.13(2):803-817.

Related accessories
Related documents
© 2015 Institute of Earth Environment,CAS
Address:No. 97 Yanxiang Road, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi, China